Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Sat Feb 23, 2019 11:54 pm

The Right Rev. Dr. Vaughan, who replaced the Rev. Thomas Kenny as Parish Priest of Nenagh in 1850, was made Lord Bishop of Killaloe in 1851. His consecration "took place in the chapel of Nenagh on Sunday" and was reported in the Boston Pilot of 4 July 1851. A very long listing of priests included the Rev. Mr. Sheehy, P.P. Tulla; and Rev. Mr. Bowles, C.C., Nenagh. Not one single McNamara, despite being one of the most common surnames in County Clare, is included on this list of priests from 1851. The McNamara's of County Clare appear to be more highly represented in the military than the priesthood.
The Right Rev. Dr. Vaughan, Bishop of Killaloe, has appointed the Rev. James Bowles, from the curacy of Birr, to the parish priest of Tulla, vacant by the death of the lamented Rev. Patrick Sheehy, P.P. The Rev. Mr. Bugler, C.C. Tulla, has been appointed administrator of Borrisokane. Boston Pilot, 8 March 1856. ... 08-01.2.31

Our readers are already sufficiently conversant with the details of the distress prevailing throughout the South and West of Ireland, and of which this historic county of Clare has had to bear so large a share. The eloquent appeal of the Rev. Father Vaughn, on this subject, has elicited a response from this side of the Atlantic, the generosity of which reflects eternal credit on our people. Since its publication we have received a letter from another well-known clergyman, the Rev. James Bowles, P.P., of Tulla, setting forth the urgent necessities of the poor of his parish, and asking the assistance of their friends in this Republic. In his letter he says:-

"You have heard, no doubt, of the great distress prevailing at present among the poor of this country. We have our share of it in this parish. We, however, have been able to struggle on up to this by means of a local fund which is now exhausted. If you could do something to make up some small sum among the friends of the poor in the old country, you might enable me to help them out for the next few months - say May and June. Do what you can, and you will have the blessing of many a poor creature."

What a fearful change must have come upon the unhappy people of Ireland, to reduce a district once so thriving and prosperous to a condition of misery so low as that the inhabitants are thus compelled to appeal to their exiled brethren to save them from the horrors of famine to which an alien government has not merely abandoned but condemned them. To an appeal so forcible, we are sure we need not add a single word to ensure its being answered as promptly and liberally as those which have preceded it. The name of the Rev. James Bowles is familiar to hundreds of our readers, to whom he must have become known during his long and arduous labors on the mission throughout Clare and Tipperary. As a clergyman he has ever merited and received in a high degree the esteem and affection of his flock; and his care for their temporal, as well as their eternal, welfare is manifested in his anxiety to obtain assistance to relieve the distress which he sees amongst them without having himself the power to alleviate.

There are, we know, in this vicinity many natives of the parish of Tulla, who will be glad of this opportunity to assist directly their suffering brethren at home. The months of May and June have always been known in Ireland as "the dear months," coming as they do between the old harvest and the new, when labor is hard to be obtained and provisions are enormously high. If the working classes have had to suffer during this season, even in prosperous times, what must be their condition now, when all their resources are swept away, and want of every necessary of life is the general and all prevailing rule. It is no wonder that they cry aloud to us for aid. Let us not close our ears or our hearts against their appeals.

Irish American Weekly, New York, 5 May 1862
The missing Thomas McNamara of Glandree who earned a furlough during the American Civil War was most certainly already in New York at the time of the 1862 appeal. His sister Elizabeth McNamara was also in New York in the early 1850's and married to John D Hornbeck of Wawarsing. The appeal by the Rev. James Bowles provides the conditions in Tulla in 1862 and perhaps an explanation why his sister Mary McNamara Madigan left County Clare and moved to Yorkshire. The timing of when the Madigan family moved to Barnsley is between January 1863 (baptism of their son Patrick in Tulla) and June 1866 (baptism of daughter Johana at Holy Rood in Barnsley).
To the Correspondent of the IRISH-AMERICAN.

With the forgoing letter was enclosed a stamped receipt for the sum from the Sisters of Mercy, which receipt I enclose with this correspondence. The Rev. Mr. Bowles writes thus:-

Tulla, Co. Clare, July 3, 1862

Dear Sir- I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 1st inst., enclosing a draft for £9 12s 7d for the poor of this parish, which was received at the office of the IRISH-AMERICAN newspaper. I beg you will convey to our friends in America how grateful we feel for all this timely and much needed aid. I shall have it acknowledged without delay in the Limerick Reporter and Clare Journal newspapers.
I remain, dear sir, very faithfully, your obedient servant. J. BOWLES

Irish American Weekly, New York, 26 July 1862
The timing of the May 1862 appeal by the Rev. James Bowles was right after the appeal by the Rev. Jeremiah Vaughan, P.P., of Doora and Kilraghtis, County Clare from February through April 1862. Not the best timing. "Father Vaughan's Appeal" received lots of publicity in the Irish American Weekly including lists of subscribers from Brooklyn, Boston, and as far as Ohio (for example, Patrick Considine & friends of Cincinnati donated $168). "Father Vaughan's Appeal" appears to have collected well over a thousand dollars, most of them individual $1 donations. The Rev. James Bowles appeal didn't receive nearly as much publicity or donations, but his goal of providing for the Tulla poor just over the "dear months" was not so great. Both of these appeals were during the American Civil War.

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Sduddy » Sun Feb 24, 2019 3:43 pm

Hi Jim

Yes, I think Fr. Jeremiah Vaughan probably had more “connections” than Fr. Bowles. Fr. Vaughan, who was P.P. of the parish of Doora and Kilraghtis (Barefield), was a native of Kilbane, Broadford, and was brother of Bishop Vaughan, bishop of Killaloe 1850 – 1859. Most of my information is from an article by Mary Kearns, “The Church of the Immaculate Conception Barefield – the Stained Glass Windows – the People of Barefield and Friends Abroad!”, published in The Other Clare, Vol. 33 (2009). His obituary says that, during the lesser known famine of 1862-63, he went to America and delivered a course of lectures in all the large cities. These lectures raised much needed funds. He later set about the building of a church in Barefield, which was opened in 1871. This was one of the finest churches built at that time, and a symbol of the new powerful position of the Catholic Church in Ireland. At the opening ceremony, Fr. Lavelle from Cong, Co. Mayo gave the sermon. He was a great celebrity at the time and was the very essence of a nationalist priest. After the sermon, Michael G. Considine read a welcoming address to Fr. Lavelle. Considine is best known as the secretary of Ennis Trades Council - he claimed to have been kissed, as a child, by Daniel O’Connell, and was the driving force behind the funding of the Daniel O’Connell monument in Ennis.
After the ceremony, there was a dejeuner in the old chapel, at which 200 guests partook. No doubt many of these had contributed handsomely to the cost of the church. A plaque on the exterior north wall acknowledges the contributions of exiles in America.

The Considines in Cincinnati seem to have been well connected too. Among the "Newspaper Extracts relating to Clare 1778 – 1920" donated by Lucille Ellis: ... _ellis.htm, is this item published in the Clare Journal of 28th Jan 1858: "Franciscan Church Willowbank. Receipt of £10 from Mr. Patrick Considine, Mount Erin, Cincinnati, America. Mr Considine is first cousin to the Messrs Cullinan, Thomas, Ralph and James". These Cullinans were gentlemen farmers and belonged to the higher echelons of society.

The Considines in Cincinnati gave some land for the building of Mount Saint Mary Seminary there. The following notices of their deaths show that they had remained unmarried, so maybe there are no descendants:
31st Jan. 1875: Considine – At Mt. St. Mary’s Seminary, Jan. 30, at 10.20 P.M., Mr. Michael Considine in the 70th year of his age. A Solemn High Mass of Requiem will be sung on Monday morning at 9 o’clock, for the repose of his soul, in the Seminary chapel, after which the funeral will take place. All friends of the Considine family are invited to attend. Cincinnati Daily Enquirer (Ohio)
12 June, 1873: Considine – On Wednesday, the 11th inst, at the residence of her brother, Mr. Patrick Considine, in the Twenty ? Ward, Mary Considine. The funeral will take place on Friday morning at 10 o’clock. Cincinnati Commercial Tribune (Ohio). (These newspaper notices I found some years ago when I was subscribing to genealogybank. com)

Jim, I don’t know why there was no priestly family among the McNamaras. Here are just some musings on the topic of priests in penal times, and not an attempt at explanation: As you know, the Penal Laws of the 18th century obliged many Catholic priests to register and undertake to desist from publicly practising any Catholic rites. One such priest, Connor macNemara, is listed here: ... s_1704.htm. This law caused many Catholic priests to flee to Europe. From that time, until Maynooth was set up at the end of the century (1795), priests were trained in France, or Spain, or Belgium. The great expense of such training, I think, must have limited it to those families who had “well-born” connections in those countries, e.g., officers in the regiments (often called The Wild Geese) who had fled to France after the failure of the Jacobite side in Limerick in 1691. Not all of these priests returned to Ireland – so maybe there were McNamara priests who remained in France, Spain, or Austria. The families of these priests in Ireland, if they had remained Catholic, probably survived by keeping their heads down and refraining from ostentation. But they had the wherewithal to quietly send sons to Louvain, Salamanca etc. - and so a tradition began, which was continued later on by sending sons to Maynooth.

Here is link to an article on the Jacobite era, which mentions Teige McNamara of Rannagh (in Tulla) as a Jacobite supporter. Teige later lived in Ayle House, Feakle (very close to the border with Tulla). Because Teige did not surrender his garrison at Clare Castle until after the capitulation of Limerick, he managed to retain his Tulla estates: ... te_era.htm. The author of that article, Brian O Dalaigh, is also the author of the article on Brian Merriman, mentioned earlier in this thread. In that article he mentions a Tadhg McNamara of Ayle (a descendant of Captain Teige, above) as a possible patron of Merriman, and he then elaborates a little on the McNamaras. In the course of that, he mentions that Captain Teige had a brother, John, who was a officer in the Spanish service. So this family is just the kind of family that I would have expected to send sons to Salamanca seminary in Spain, and maybe they did. Captain Teige died in 1741. His descendant, Tadhg, converted to Protestantism in 1775, somewhat belatedly, as, by that time, most penal laws had been relaxed, or overlooked at least.
So, if these McNamaras had ever given sons to the church, they certainly would not have done so after 1775. Maybe a tradition was broken at that point.


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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Tue Feb 26, 2019 8:55 am

Hi Sheila,

Thank you for the interesting comments and links - more evidence of McNamara's with a military background with Teige McNamara and his brother John an officer in the Spanish service.

The Rev. James Bowles was appointed Parish Priest of Tulla in 1856. He was replacing the deceased Rev. Patrick Sheedy who had been a strong supporter of tenant rights and active in the Tenant League of the 1850's. He was known as a strong orator, below is one of many speeches the Rev. Patrick Sheedy gave supporting tenant rights. This speech from November 1851 as well as that by the Rev. Quade of O'Callaghan's Mills mention the strong tide of emigration from their parishes. Most likely the missing Thomas McNamara of Glandree, his sister Elizabeth McNamara and other relatives would have been among the many young men and women mentioned in the speech who left Ireland about this time for America.

(Abridged from the Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator)

On Sunday, a district meeting was held at Newmarket-on-Fergus to advance the principles of the Tenant League. The meeting was held in that once prosperous village, now a lamentable remnant of decay and desolation. The number in attendance were considerably larger than those at the meetings in Scariff and Feakle, and a degree of interest was attached to the proceedings greater than we have witnessed in other places. Several independent and respectable landowners were among the crowds in attendance.

Amongst those present were E. Bennett, Esq, Ballycar; Thomas Corbett, Esq, P L G, Abbeyview, Quin; Patrick Corbett, Esq, P L G, Derreen Cottage; Timothy Kelly, Esq, Clenagh; Patrick O'Donohue, Esq, Lismoyle; James Healy, Esq, Manus, Clare Castle; John McMahon, Esq, P L G, Ballincraggy; William Halpin, Esq, merchant, Newmarket-on-Fergus; Rev Mr Corbett, P.P. Quin; Rev Mr Wall, C.C., Newmarket-on-Fergus; Rev John Furniss, P.P., Newmarket-on-Fergus; Rev Patrick Quade, P.P., O'Callaghan's Mills; Rev Patrick Sheehy, P.P., Tulla.

[several speeches and resolutions]

The Rev. Mr. Sheehy, P.P., Tulla, seconded the resolution. He said the first principle of the League was that a person getting possession of a farm shall have it valued -- that is, if it is deemed worth 10s. an acre, the tenant will be obliged to pay 10s. an acre and no more. He will not be obliged to carry a goose or turkey to the landlord, nor will he be obliged to give the bailiff a tumbler of punch on Sunday. He will not be obliged to vote against his conscience at elections, for fear of being turned out by the landlord; for he assured them he has seen tenants instrumental in the elections of a member of parliament that were afterwards thrown out by the landlord, themselves and their families, without a shilling to support them (hear, hear). The valuation, then, was the first principle of the League, and they recommended it to be adopted (loud cheers). The next principle after valuation was compensation for improvements. That means that every single improvement they made, whether in building a house or draining a farm, should be their property; and that if they wished to leave the place, they could offer it to the owner of the property for its fair value, and if they did not take it, they would have the liberty to sell it to the highest and fairest bidder, no matter where they came from. This was what would make Ireland prosperous, for suppose this gentleman here (pointing to Mr. Bennet) was sure that he was working for himself and his children, did they think he would grudge any expenditure in improving his farm (hear, hear). The third principle of the League was this, that while the tenant paid the valued rent the landlord cannot turn him out of possession. Then there shall be no execution, no [illegible] - no John Doe no Richard Roe - nor John [illegible] their friend in Dublin. The decision of a corrupt judge and a cunning attorney will then be profitless and vain. And would it not, he asked, be better for the landlord to be sure of getting 100l , than to be expecting 150l from a tenant that was altogether insolvent. The tide of emigration is rapidly flowing on. There was not a morning in his life but he met fifteen or twenty, or thirty young men and women, beautiful and healthy, running away from the land that gave them birth; and there was one thing certain; that if a war ensued between England and America there was not a young man or a young woman going out from Ireland that wasn't prepared to do his best to avenge the bad laws which unfortunate Ireland was at present governed. After some further remarks, the rev. gentleman retired amid loud applause.

The Rev. Mr. Quade. P.P., Callaghan's Mills, proposed the next resolution and was received with loud cheers... [long speech on the type of man to send to parliament]...Look, men of Clare, to the west. Look to the land at the other side of the Atlantic - it is teeming with plenty, and flowing with milk and honey; and its charitable arms are extended to receive the unfortunate outcasts of Ireland, where the tyrant's grasp cannot touch, and where hard-hearted landlords and scheming bailiffs can't reach them. In the name of God, if you cannot live here, hoist your sails, and pray for a safe and happy voyage to that land where peace, and plenty, and security awaits you. But do I advise you to leave the soil of Erin's land - the most beautiful of God's creation? No; but on the contrary, I ask you to cling to it until there is no longer a shred of hope remaining - to exert every nerve, legal and constitutional, to establish yourselves in the land of your birth (loud cheers)... [continued speeches]...

The Freeman's Journal, Dublin, 15 November 1851
The Rev. Patrick Sheehy died in 1856. After giving such strong political speeches through 1852, he appears to have gone silent. I'm not sure if this is because the Tenant League withered away or perhaps due to poor health? In January 1855 the Irish American Weekly reported that the "Rev. Mr. Sheehy, P.P., Tulla, has returned from Rome", but not sure how much time he had spent there.

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Sat Mar 02, 2019 2:50 am

Jumping forward three decades to 1882 I looked deeper into the local history of the Ladies Land League activities in Tulla for which Andrew Sheedy McNamara (possible cousin of the missing Thomas McNamara?) was arrested for protesting against the arrest of Bridget McCormack. The Rev. James Bowles who died on Christmas Day in 1880 was replaced by the Rev. John Hayes as Parish Priest of Tulla. I previously made the comment that the Catholic Church condemned the Ladies' Land League. This condemnation was primarily by the Archbishop of Dublin and created an unusual public rift within the Catholic Church hierarchy. The Rev. John Hayes and his two curates in Tulla Parish were certainly very strong supporters of the Ladies' Land League. This is evident from when Miss Anna Parnell, founder of the Ladies' Land League, visited Tulla in June 1881. I've summarized some of the below report of the Tulla meeting, except for the report of Anna Parnell's speech as it provides an interesting look at the conflicts within Irish society during this era:
Ennis, Sunday Night

The meeting at Tulla today was one of the largest and most enthusiastic, but it cannot be said that it was one of the most orderly, held since the beginning of the land movement. Special interest attached to the meeting because of its being held in close proximity to the scene of Wednesday last in which Molony lost his life. The authorities drafted a large body of military and police into the town ... The police, of whom there were about 100, under the command of County Inspector Smith, with Sub-Inspector Rogers and Crane, were drawn up, part of them alongside the platform, others in the streets adjoining, and a few remained in the barracks. In addition to this force there were 100 soldiers, partly of the 64th Regiment from Scariff, and partly of the 19th from Clare Castle.

The chair was occupied by: The Very Rev. John Hayes, P.P., Tulla.

Among those present were - The Rev M B Corry, C C, Tulla; Rev M J Kenny, P P, Scariff; Rev P Murphy, P P, Longraney; Rev Wm Lennane, C C, Bodyke; Rev J J Ryan, C C, Cratloe; Rev M Donovan, C C, Tulla; Rev M Roley, C C, Crusheen; and Rev J Loughrane, C C, Doora.

Large contingents came from Bodyke, Ballinahinch, Scariff, Doora, and Ennis, with bands and banners, the latter bearing inscriptions, such as "Remember Davitt", "Welcome Miss Parnell", &c. The streets were profusely decorated, and the place looked more like a forest than a small provincial town. Substantial trees had been temporarily placed at short intervals along the entire streets of the town. Streamers crossed the path bearing words of welcome, and one of them had an ingenious adaptation of the well-known passage in Goldsmith's "Deserted Village," which read -

Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where writs accumulate and men decay.

The platform was erected at the top of the hill on which Tulla stands, and which commands a magnificent view of the surrounding countryside... [crowd is too loud to hear Miss Parnell]...The Chairman [Rev. John Hayes, P.P., Tulla], whose voice was stronger than Miss Parnell's, had addressed a few words to the audience. He said that the noble lady whom they had that day had assembled to honour bore a name the mere mention of which would awaken a chord in the heart of every true Irishman (cheers). Miss Parnell was employing her cultivated intelligence, spending her whole time and her whole energies in lifting up the Irish people and alleviating the sorrows of Ireland. She was proclaiming to the people of Ireland that the black night of sorrow was gone by, and the dawn of that day was approaching when the sun of justice would shine down upon the Irish people. The Chief Secretary of Ireland had told them that he would trample on the Land League organisation, and that he would stifle the free and legitimate discussion of the Irish people. But that would be the greatest calamity that could happen, for as the "Pall Mall Gazzette" had said, the people would then be maddened, and they would have recourse to secret societies, and when a man entered into them human nature was brought down to the lowest level of degradation, and men who would not commit a venial sin would not hesitate to commit the greatest crime.

...[confusion at the meeting. A rope was meant to segregate the women (primary audience for the meeting) from the men. Police on horseback tried to enforce this separation and were pushed back. General chaos. The meeting was moved to the Tulla chapel yard with only women and the meeting organizers allowed behind the gate]...

Miss Parnell, standing on a chair, then addressed the meeting. She said she hoped that they would keep silence... She would not allude to the very distressing thing that had occurred at Bodyke the other day more than to point out from it how necessary caution was for all of them at this moment. The Irish people were now determined to live, and the English Government had determined that they should not live. Well, the people intended to get the victory, and the Government also intended to get the victory if they could. And the people had on their side the advantage of a good position, both as regarded right and as regarded the power to carry out this intention if they were sufficiently resolute and united. A short time ago Mr. Forster issued a secret circular to the County Inspectors. This secret circular was drawn in a guarded manner, but the principal gist of its instructions was that the County Inspectors were to try to identify the leaders of popular movements with resistance, rammed resistance to the law. Now, it was left to the police themselves to find ways of carrying out the secretly expressed wishes of the Government. Naturally the easiest way for them to gratify the Government was wherever they saw the leaders of the Land League, whether the local leaders or the central leaders, who were by this time nearly all in prison, the easiest way was for the police to get up disturbances, and to manage to irritate the people so that there might appear to be an armed resistance to the law. And then it was the easiest thing in the world to say of any man whom they might not like, or whom they might desire to imprison, that he was the cause, the instigator of this resistance. Therefore, they ought all to show, women as well as men, the greatest self-control, and take care that they did not allow themselves ever to lose sight of what was prudent. She did not mean to preach the immoral and cowardly doctrine that it was ever wrong to resist the law. The law was not always, and especially in this country, the same thing as right. God Almighty could not make wrong right, and yet 600 sinners in the House of Commons claimed the power to do it. All she wanted to say was that they should never allow the other side to choose the time and the place for the people to resist the law (cheers). All sorts of traps were being laid for the people at this moment. Even before the secret circular became public, she herself had been an eye-witness of these traps, and there was nothing for them but to show themselves cleverer than the Royal Irish Constabulary (cheers). She wanted to say a word to them, and it was especially necessary for women - it was about what seemed to her to be the proper conduct for them to adopt towards the police in this crisis. When they first started she remembered that she cautioned her audience at Claremorris against the police. She knew from experience that they were in the habit of worming themselves into the confidence of the people for the purpose of finding something that they might afterwards use against them. At that time she confessed she was simple enough to believe that these proceedings on the constabulary were spontaneous on their part, but they found from recent disclosures of the secret instructions which were kept for the use of those Irishmen who had adopted the Queen's livery, that this Judas-like conduct was part of their duty, a duty which they were bound to perform as soon as they put on the coat. Now many people had a very tolerant way of acting and speaking towards the Royal Irish Constabulary. She confessed that this had always seemed to her to be not only foolish, but wrong, because theirs was an infamous profession. It could never be anything else. She did not mean to say that they were all bad, but their duties were such as slowly and surely to develop all the bad that was in them and banish all the good. Many of these men, especially the older ones, must be the sons of fathers and mothers who died from the famine and the fever of 33 or 34 years ago. Perhaps some of them had a mother who put the last morsel of bread into their mouths and lay down to die herself. And now they found these men who, if they were not all children of those who had died of famine, must at least very nearly all be children of those who are in constant danger of dying from these ever recurring famines in Ireland. They found them upholding, by all their might, and by the most treacherous and unmanly conduct, a system which made it impossible for their own brothers and sisters, and fathers and mothers to live at all sometimes, and to live at any time in peace, security, and comfort. Now she did not think that the attitude which Irishwomen ought to adopt towards these men should be a friendly attitude. She did not mean to say that they were to do anything to hurt them, nor even to groan and scream at them, because that always seemed to her rather silly. But if they were friends of theirs, if they allowed them inside their houses, when they were not obliged to, if they treated them in fact as if they were anything else but enemies, and all the worse enemies because they were men who ought to be their friends, how could they suppose that the English Government and the English people would think that they were really sincere in the protests that they made from time to time against the system that was almost entirely upheld by the Royal Irish Constabulary and a system which she was quite sure could not exist without them (Cheers). She did not mean that they ought to refuse to supply them with food, because they could very easily get that in some other way, but they were certainly ought never voluntarily give them their cars or assist them to serve processes and ejectments, and to carry out evictions. She knew that the Government was taking cars by force for this purpose, but that did not alter the duty of the people in this matter. It was due to their self-respect and consistency not to do anything to assist in evictions. It did not alter the right and the wrong of the case that the Government was able to do these things without their help - it was their duty all the same not to help them. Miss Parnell concluded by thanking the ladies for coming there in such numbers, and for the patience with which they had listened to her. She expressed a hope that by adopting a dignified and consistent course for the next few months, being ready to make sacrifices if necessary, and to meet danger if necessary in fulfillment of their duty, that they would materially assist in bringing about a better state of things in the country (applause).
...[resolutions were moved (seconded) by local members of the Ladies Land League including Bridget Liddy (Norah Murphy); M Rochfort (M Quinlahan); Mary Liddy (M Connell); Jane Liddy (M Hayes)...

The Freeman's Journal, Dublin, 6 June 1881
Tulla provided a large and boisterous welcome for Anna Parnell. The description of the Tulla streets being decorated temporarily by "substantial trees" at short intervals was a bit unusual and I can't really picture what they would have looked like or where they came from etc. Anna Parnell certainly had strong opinions of the Royal Irish Constabulary which reminded me of the criticism of the Irish who enlisted in the British military made by "Molino del Rey" in 1858 (see page 15). When Andrew Sheedy McNamara of Glandree and the Murphy's from Laharden were arrested in January 1882 at a disturbance, I had assumed that they were randomly chosen from the crowd. But perhaps the three men had been active in the Land League at a local level and were targeted as the speech by Anna Parnell cautioned?

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Sduddy » Sun Mar 03, 2019 11:49 am

Hi Jim, thanks once again for that interesting posting. I was not aware that Anna Parnell came to Tulla and that she came speak to the women.
Branches of trees were used to make garlands over doorways and across streets and were sometimes used to make archways. They were used to decorate the places where Daniel O'Connell spoke in the early part of the century. I hadn't realised that they were still used so late in the century. Green signifies renewal, growth and hope.

Parnell, himself, was very superstitious and considered the colour green to be unlucky - I hope Anna was more rational and all that greenery did not worry her.


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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Tue Mar 05, 2019 6:54 am

Hi Sheila, thanks for that feedback. Pity there are no photos of the 1881 Ladies Land League meeting in Tulla. Here are the Limerick prison records for when Andrew McNamara and the Murphy's were arrested protesting the arrest of Bridget McCormack:

From the General Register of Prisoners, Limerick Gaol (available at
When committed: 22 January 1882

(112) Andrew McNamara; age 40; height 5 foot 9 inches; fair hair, blue eyes, fresh complexion; weight 191 lbs; born: Tulla; last residence: Tulla; farmer; Roman Catholic; read & write. Andrew was sentenced to 6 calendar months, 19 January 1882. He was discharged on bail on 31 January 1882.

(113) Denis Murphy; age 32; height "11 1/4"?; dark hair, brown eyes, sallow complexion, weight 174 lbs; born: Lahardane; last residence: Lahardane; farmer; Roman Catholic; read & write. Denis was sentenced to 3 calendar months, 19 January 1882. He was removed to Ennis Prison on 24 January 1882.

(114) Stephen Murphy; age 26; height five foot ten inches; dark hair, brown eyes, sallow complexion, weight 194 lbs; born: Lahardane; last residence: Lahardane; farmer; Roman Catholic; read & write. Stephen was sentenced to 6 calendar months, 19 January 1882. He was removed to Ennis Prison on 24 January 1882.

Offence: Unlawfully assembling at Tulla with other evil disposed persons and behaving in a riotous and tumultuous manner.

By whom committed: C D Clifford Lloyd

Fine, bail or hard labour? Bail
The 40 year old Andrew McNamara is definitely Andrew Sheedy McNamara born in 1842 to Andrew McNamara and Margaret Clanchy. The Irish American Weekly did describe him as a "young man in delicate health". He is only young if you consider that many of these McNamara's of Tulla appear to have lived well into their 80's and 90's. If Andrew had been in poor health, this might explain why he was the only one of the three arrested men who was discharged early on bail and only spent a few days in prison.

The 26 year old Stephen Murphy must be the son of Michael Murphy and Catherine Molony of Laharden baptized in Tulla parish on 27 December 1855. He is living with his wife and six children in House 26 in Tulla Town in the 1901 Census.

Sheila, I believe you are correct that the 32 year Denis Murphy was the Denis Murphy of Lougharden who married Winifred Stuart on 21 April 1880 in Ogonoloe Chapel. His father was reported as Michael Murphy on the marriage record which provides some evidence that Stephen and Denis were brothers as reported in the various newspapers. I think you are also correct that it was Denis Murphy who was the brother-in-law to the Rev. Charles Stuart, Curate of Miltown Malbay, and not Andrew Sheedy. And that this Denis Murphy died prior to the 1901 Irish Census where the widow Winifred and son Michael are living in Laharden.

I could not find Denis Murphy born around 1850 in the Tulla baptism records. Interestingly enough in my search I did find two other family trees, one in Glasgow and the other in Massachusetts, which lay claim to a Denis Murphy born in Tulla around 1850.

#1 Dennis Murphy: in the 1871 Scotland Census in Glasgow on the R.M.S. Parthia were three Murphy's born in "Tullah, Ireland": "Davis", age 21; Thomas, age 19; and James, age 17. And in subsequent Scotland census and other records there are definitely brothers Denis Murphy and James Murphy of the appropriate ages living in Glasgow. The family tree contains great photos from Glasgow of their family members. Parents of these Glasgow brothers who were reported as being born in Tullah were James Murphy and Leticia Caldwell.

However, the R.M.S. Parthia continued on towards Boston, Massachusetts... ... print=true

#2 Dennis Murphy: on the above Boston passenger arrival list for the R.M.S. Parthia arriving on 11 April 1871 are Denis Murphy, age 21; Thomas, age 19; and James, age 17 - all three born in Ireland. Subsequent U.S. naturalization records provide this arrival date and the Murphy brothers settled in Framingham, Massachusetts. Parents of these brothers reported born in "Innisdea" County Clare were Michael Murphy and Jane Hehir, with baptism records discovered for many of their children in Clondagad and Kilchreest Parish. Not sure why the brothers would have stated that they were from Tulla on the 1871 Scotland Census - perhaps this was their last residence prior to coming to America?

Various newspapers stated that the R.M.S. Parthia was to leave Liverpool on the 28th March via Queenstown and was bound for New York via Boston. The 1871 Scotland Census was taken on Sunday, the 2nd of April. Not sure why the ship would have gone north to Glasgow when it was meant to be headed south to Queenstown/Cork harbor and then presumably due west for Boston? A late edit... The R.M.S. Parthia did arrive at Queenstown on the 30th of March and "proceeded at 4:50 pm for New York via Boston (per Irish Times). My guess is that the steamship went north to Scotland to pick up coal for the journey?

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Thu Mar 07, 2019 1:10 am

General Register of Prisoners, Limerick Gaol, Female:

(569) Bridget McCormack; age 22; height 5 foot 4 ½ inches; black hair, grey eyes, fresh complexion; born: Bristol; last residence: Tulla; occupation: nil; Roman Catholic; read & write.

When committed: 18 January 1882

Offence: With others. + did make tenants to break legal contract by withholding the rent &c &c &c.

By whom committed: C D Clifford Lloyd

Sentence: 3 calendar months

Fine, bail or hard labour? Bail

Expiration of sentence: 19 April 1882

Further remarks: Self 40£ + two curates of 20£ each; Tulla, Co. Clare
Bridget McCormack is a common name in Ireland, but her birthplace in Bristol, England does set her apart. In the baptism records of St. Nicholas of Tolentino in Bristol there is the 17 June 1856 baptism of a Birgitta Maria McCormack, parents Thomae McCormack and Catherinae Walsh. This Bridget would have been 25 years old in January 1882; three years older than the age reported by the Ladies' Land Leaguer arrested in Tulla, but I reckon still a good possibility. A short history of the Church of St. Nicholas of Tolentino and its founding by Irish immigrants escaping the Great Famine is provided here: ... -Tolentino

The above "Further remark" makes it appear that Bridget McCormack provided bail, but from numerous newspaper accounts and her own letters from jail, she most certainly was imprisoned for the entire three months. A level of respect, perhaps somewhat I suppose, was provided to Bridget McCormack for not accepting bail as evident from this discussion at the British parliament:

Lord RANDOLPH CHURCHILL (C., Woodstock) asked the noble lord why the Attorney General for Ireland deliberately talked out the debate on the previous night ("Oh, oh")...


The debate on the report of the address was then resumed by the ATTORNEY GENERAL for Ireland [William Moore Johnson], who proceeded to defend the decisions of the Land Court...Referring to the speech by Lord Randolph Churchill, he remarked that the greatest praise that could be conferred upon the Government was that they had not used the Coercion Act unscrupulously, and would not so use it. (Ironical cheers from the Irish members.) They had been accused of not being efficient enough by one party, by another of being too efficient, and by a third of being unscrupulous...The complaint was made that several of the ladies who represented the Land League had been imprisoned. He would reply that no distinction could be made between crime in petticoats and crime in trousers. (Laughter.) Crime was crime, by whomsoever and wheresoever committed. He could understand a woman undertaking a mission of charity, tending the sick, healing the wounded, and aiding the distressed; but he could not understand a woman plunging herself into the arena of political action, and creating political excitement. He referred to the case of Miss Reynolds, and pointed out that the decision of the magistrates in her case was upheld in a superior court. Another of these angels of mercy borne on the wings of popular enthusiasm, by name of Bridget M'Cormick - (laughter) - was ordered by Mr. Clifford Lloyd to give bail for her good behaviour, or to be imprisoned for three months. This young lady has considerable courage. A clergyman [most likely one of the Tulla curates], who was present when she was charged with going about the country in the interests of the Land League, recommended to her to say that she was travelling for charitable purposes. To her credit be it said she declined to shield herself under such a pretext. She stood her guns in a manner suggestive of trousers rather than petticoats - (laughter) - and declared she was travelling in the interests of the League. She might have had bail to any amount, but she refused it, and went to gaol. She appealed, and the superior court upheld the order of the magistrates. He did not care, said the Chief Justice, whether it was called the Land League or the Ladies' Land League, for they appeared to him to be the same thing under different names. Producing a seditious handbill, the Attorney-General for Ireland described it as one of the visiting cards of our angels of mercy of whom Bridget M'Cormick and Miss Reynolds were types. It came to him in an envelope addressed by a lady, though how such things were smuggled into the country he did not know. But wherever the ladies were these proclamations were dropped like snowflakes. After reading the document, which advised, among other things, the non-payment of rent, the learned gentleman said he would ask any independent member of the House how he would describe the mission in which these ladies engaged under cover of charity? In his belief the Land League was now working entirely through the Ladies' League. (Hear, hear.) The men were themselves afraid to go in the van ("No, no" and "Not a bit of it," from the Home Rulers, and cheers from the Ministerial benches.) He did not think such a course was brave or manly, or that it much exalted the condition of women in Ireland. It was entirely the teaching of the Land League which was responsible for cases such as were tried at the winter assizes at Cork, where it was proved that bailiffs were stripped naked and hunted by women. If there was one thing in the world which they had formerly prized in Ireland, as they did their lives, it was the virtue and the modesty of their women. Yet these men were stripped naked, and one was hunted for four miles. The women were put forward by the men to do it, and by such actions the last shreds of modesty were torn from them. He thought he knew Ireland and the people of Ireland as well as most people. As he had said once before, he would say again now, that he believed there was no man in Ireland who recognised the Irish people of five or six year ago...

Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, South Yorkshire, England, 17 February 1882
Mary McNamara Madigan of Barnsley, Yorkshire paid for two advertisements in 1869 and 1879 in search of her missing brother Thomas McNamara of Glandree. It's interesting to consider if Mary Madigan had been successful in her search and Thomas McNamara had returned to Tulla in 1882. Assuming he left Tulla in the 1850's, Thomas McNamara would have been away from County Clare for not just five or six years, but close to three decades. Would Thomas McNamara have recognized the County Clare of his youth?

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Sun Mar 10, 2019 7:55 pm

Following up on the 1884 petty session complaint of Andrew McNamara of Glandree against John Casey of Magherabaun and my prior comments...
So what happened to John Casey? There is no record of John Casey actually being convicted of stealing bees, as the petty sessions states "no appearance" as the outcome. Could he have left Ireland in haste? ...John Casey also had McNamara relations living in Washington DC. In the 1900 Census there is a John Casey, age 54, single, born in Ireland living in Washington D.C., who immigrated to America in 1888 according to the census. He is reported as an "Inmate" at the "Government Hospital for the Insane", the same place where the daughter (Margaret McNamara Bond) of his first cousin (Margaret Bowles McNamara) was working in 1900. Is this only coincidental??
John Casey is a very common name in America, so it was indeed only coincidental. After taking a second look at the 1900 census for the St Elizabeths Hospital in Washington D.C. nearly every single foreign born resident had immigrated to the United States in 1888 or 1889. This appears to be a mistake, and more likely the year when they arrived at the hospital: ... print=true

John Casey at St Elizabeths Hospital could not have taken Andrew McNamara's bees in Tulla as he arrived in America as a child in the late 1840's. He died at St Elizabeths Hospital on 15 September 1903 at the age of 57 years old. From the Washington D.C death register, John Casey was Irish born, single, and occupation was "Laborer (Late Vol Soldier)" and buried at St Elizabeths Hospital East Cemetery. The findagrave website has details but without a photo. From the description "Co. E 4th MA Art", the headstone appears to be a classic Civil War headstone. From his enlistment records, John Casey enlisted at Lawrence, Massachusetts on 24 August 1864 for Co. C 4th MA Heavy Artillery at the age of 19; height 5 foot 9 inches; complexion: dark; eyes: blue; hair: brown; born: Roscommon, Ireland. From the 1850 census for Lawrence, MA, Irish born John Casey is 5 years old, the second youngest of the 6 children (Nora, 18; Bartholomew, 16; Catherine, 12; Ellen, 9; John, 5; James baptized in Lawrence on 7 May 1850) of John Casey (age 45) and Mary Casey (age 40). ... john-casey ... print=true

Ellen Bowles of Glandree who married Patrick Casey of Feakle at Tulla Parish in 1841 is most definitely the brother of the Rev. James Bowles. The 1876/1879 will for the Rev. James Bowles who died in 1880 included his siblings: "one hundred pounds in trust for my brother John Bowles of Glendree in case he should survive me.... the sum of two hundred pounds in trust for my sister Ellen Casey". He also bequeathed "five hundred pounds for building a third Roman Catholic chapel in the Parish of Tulla in addition to the two already in use, the site to be selected by the Bishop assisted by my executors and any other clergymen well acquainted with the Parish, but to be in the direction of Derrygouive (sp??), somewhere near Michael Quigley's bridge (see note 2 below) or Dan Hehir's Cross". And if the third chapel is not built within two years that the money be spent on the poor of the parish. He also left his house and premises to the Sisters of Mercy to be converted into a convent and schools of their order. However, if a convent was not built in one year, then the money would go to the Sisters of Mercy in Birr, Nenagh, and Kilkee. As a late change to the will, he also added his nephew "John McGraith (sp?) Esq of Roscrea" (see note 1 below) and his niece "Mary Casey" both 100 pounds. (source: Irish Will Registers, available at

Patrick Casey is listed on the 1855 Griffiths Valuation as a lessee of Plots 11,12, and 13 in Magherabaun in Feakle from owner Cornelius O'Brien totaling 104 acres. In the 1885 voting register for Feakle, John Casey is the only Casey listed as a "inhabitant householder" in "Maherabane" - evidence that he was indeed a son, likely the eldest, of Patrick Casey. By the 1895 voter register, John Casey (as inhabitant householder), Jeremiah Casey (rated occupier), and James Casey (rated occupier) are all listed for the townland of Magherabaun. In the 1905 voting list, only Jeremiah Casey and James Casey (known sons of Patrick Casey) are listed for Magherabaun. Based upon this evidence, I reckon John Casey of Magherabaun must be the nephew of the Rev. James Bowles, whether or not John Casey forcibly stole Andrew McNamara's bees on the 22nd day of June 1884 has still not been proven.

Note 1: The biography of Henry Bowles of Pittsburgh (page 16) noted that his father John Bowles was the brother of the Rev. James Bowles and also sisters Bridget and Ellen. There is a very good chance that the mother of this John McGrath of Roscrea in County Tipperary would be Bridget Bowles.

Note 2: "Michael Quigley's Bridge"? a Michael Quigley was baptized in Tulla Parish on 26 November 1821, parents Hugh Quigley and Mary Lynch of "Derrygari", witnesses James Rogers and Bridget Molony. This Michael Quigley is the brother of the Rev. Hugh Quigley who wrote the book "The Irish Race in California" : ... uigley.htm

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Wed Mar 13, 2019 4:47 am

The missing Thomas McNamara of Glandree is likely one of the five Thomas McNamara's from Glandree whose baptism is recorded in the Tulla baptism register. Tulla is a large parish and Glandree is in the far northern reaches of the parish. Did those living in Glandree go all the way to the chapel at Tulla for Mass or did they attend one of the closer chapels in Drumcharley or Knockjames? This question has always bothered me.

With the 1876 will of the Reverend James Bowles that bequeathed "five hundred pounds for building a third Roman Catholic chapel in the Parish of Tulla in addition to the two already in use", we know that the choices for the McNamara's of Glandree were limited to at most two chapels prior to the 1880's. Based upon the suggested location near "Michael Quigley's Bridge", and that a few Quigley's from the 1840's & 1850's stated that they were from Knockjames and Affog in the Tulla baptism register, my hunch was that the third chapel built in Tulla in the 1880's was in Knockjames.

To set out to prove this, I first used google maps street view to take a close look at the chapel. I had previously used this last year and passed by Knockjames chapel in attempt to get (unsuccessfully) to Lough Ea - see the google map on page six of this thread. On google street view you can get a great view of the chapel which is at the corner of R462 going north and a small road heading west. I had hoped, like every single church in America, there might be a church sign stating the name of the chapel, mass times, and when it was founded? Or perhaps a year was engraved into the stonework for when it was built? No luck. I then took the small road heading west from the chapel parking lot and shortly came upon a very narrow bridge crossing a small stream. Could this be "Michael Quigley's Bridge"?

A newspaper article in the Freeman's Journal of 7 December 1850 provided several important clues:

The Commissioners held a court for the sale of estates yesterday, when the following properties were set up, there being a very good attendance at the auction:-

In the matter of the estate of Arthur Cecil Fleming, and others, owners; exparte the Rev. James William Rynd, and others, petitioners.

The fee of the lands of Nuan, Drumgloon; that part of the land of Ballymugueeny, called Stone-Park and Cahiraneen; that part of the lands of Cragaweelcross, called Cahirneen Rosslevan, situate in the barony of Bunratty; that part of the lands of Affock, called Glaneen, Common of Affock, Derrygariff, River Division, Cappagh, Knockfantane, Knockjames, Clonskella, situate in the barony of Tullagh; the land of Cahirnacunna and Feguin, situate in the barony of Bunratty, and county of Clare, containing in the entire 1,876 acres, 1 rood, 23 perches, and producing a net annual rent of 714l. 8s. 6d.

Lot 4 - That part of the lands of Affock, called Derrygariff, containing 267A. 1R. 16P. statute measure, net annual rent 16l.14s.6d.

The bidding commenced at 50l, and the Rev. J. Rynd was declared the purchaser at 150l.

Lot 5 - The part of the lands of Affock, called Knockjames, containing 92A.0R.27P. statute measure, net annual rent 27l.8s.2.5d.

The biddings commenced at 100l, and the Rev. James Rynd was declared the purchaser for 200l.

Lot 6 - Part of the lands of Knockjames and part of Affock, containing 58A.0R.22P. statute measure, net annual rent of 13l.8s.

The biddings commenced at 100l, and the Rev. Dr. Hugh Quigly was declared the purchaser at 105l.

Lot 7....

The Freeman's Journal, Dublin, 7 December 1850
Hugh Quigley (age 30, Catholic Priest) was reported on 1850 USA Census living in Schaghticoke, Rensselaer County, New York. However, the Rev. Hugh Quigley didn't need to be at the auction in person, and the notice did state the petitioners were "exparte". "Derrygariff" lands were included in the auction and must be the location mentioned in the Rev. James Bowles' will that I struggled to transcribe. The lands at Derrygariff were purchased by the Rev. James William Rynd, a very wealthy Protestant minister. The History of Knockjames National School on the Clare Library website is very interesting. It states that the school site was provided by the Quigley family and it opened in January 1857. "At that time Mr Quigley was the only Catholic in the Parish of Tulla who owned land". Was very surprised to read that this auction as late as 1850 was the first for a Catholic to own land in Tulla Parish. ... istory.htm

After further research into 1855 Griffiths Valuation Records, I don't believe the Knockjames National School (Plot 9, Derryulk Middle) was built on the property the Rev. Hugh Quigley purchased in 1850, but would have been a later purchase. In New York (he would not go to California until much later), the Emigrant Savings Account Records (account 6563) for the Rev'd Hugh Quigley show an unusual withdrawal of $515 on 20 July 1855 listed on his account ledger. Perhaps this was the money to purchase the land and building costs for the new school that opened in January 1857?

The 1855 Griffiths Valuation for Affick Townland included three plots with Quigley's:

Plot 21 (35 acres, land only, owner Rev. James William Rynd) was shared between Daniel Melehan, John Digaden, Hugh Quigley, Michael Quigley (Pat).

Plot 22 a,b (50 acres; house, offices & land; owner Rev. James William Rynd) was split between Michael Quigley (Pat) and Hugh Quigley.

Plot 23a (60 acres; house, office & land; "in fee"): Michael Quigley (Hugh)

I believe Plot 23a is the land that the Rev. Hugh Quigley purchased at the 1850 auction. At 60 acres it is very close in size to the 58 acres purchased in 1850. What is very unique about this plot, is that it states "in fee" on Griffith's Valuation and not the owner's name. I believe Michael Quigley is farming the land owned by his brother, the Rev. Hugh Quigley. Not sure who the "Hugh Quigley" is on Plot 22b, as this could be the father of the two brothers, Hugh Quigley, Sr. Likewise, on Plot 22a the Michael Quigley might be the son of Pat Quigley (possibly, a brother of Hugh Quigley, Sr.). Not sure of their relationships, but it does complicate who is the owner of "Michael Quigley's Bridge".

In looking at the corresponding historical Ordnance Survey map for the area, Knockjames Chapel is not there, of course, but on the modern map it is located in Derryulk Middle, in Plot 6. Just to the south of Plot 6 is Derryulk Lower and to the west is Affick Townland. When you take the small road heading west from Knockjames Chapel as soon as you cross the narrow bridge you are in Affick, and this road pretty much splits Plot 22 (north) and Plot 23 (south). The bridge appears to be located on Plot 22, so I'm not sure if "Michael Quigley's Bridge" is owned by the Michael Quigley, brother of the Reverend Hugh Quigley? Or perhaps another Michael Quigley, son of Pat, possibly born prior to the start of the Tulla baptism register in 1819?

The will of the Rev. James Bowles also stated that the third chapel might be built near "Dan Hehir's Cross". Dan Hehir is listed on the 1855 Griffiths Valuation in Plot 2 in Derryulk Middle (28 acres; house and land; from James Molony). Plot 2 is just to the north of Plot 6 where Knockjames Chapel was built. On the historical map there is a "T" shaped road crossing on Plot 2 which appears to have been turned to farm land when they built R462. So it appears that the Rev. James Bowles wishes were met as the third chapel in Tulla Parish was built directly east of "Michael Quigley's Bridge" and south of "Dan Hehir's Cross".

Edit: upon further review of the historical map, there is indeed a road crossing on the cross shaped Plot 2 held by Dan Hehir.
Last edited by Jimbo on Sat Mar 23, 2019 8:14 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Sduddy » Thu Mar 14, 2019 10:43 am

Hi Jim

The Landowners of Clare 1876 lists Michael Quigley as owning 60 acres in Tulla: ... _clare.htm.
That list shows that a quarter of a century after the Quigly purchase, the only other Catholic landowner in Tulla was a John Hynes (92 acres) - I am just guessing that John Hynes was a Catholic. It was only in the last quarter of the century that most tenant farmers began to think of ownership. For background to all of this see:

Arthur Cecil Fleming’s full name is Arthur Cecil Fleming Crowe. The Rev. Rynd married Eliza daughter of Robert Crowe Fleming: ... sp?id=2050
I doubt if any of these people ever lived in Derrygarriff, or in Affick, Tulla.


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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Fri Mar 15, 2019 7:09 am

Hi Sheila,

Thanks for your comments. I realize now that I misinterpreted the sentence on Catholic ownership of land in Tulla Parish in the History of Knockjames National School. The correct meaning would be that the Reverend "Mr Quigley was the only Catholic [living or born] in the Parish of Tulla who owned land". The "Landowners of Clare 1876" provided no information on the religion of the landowners, but I suspect that many of the absentee landlords could have been Catholic. This story (see page 10) has already encountered Sir Robert Romney Kane of Dublin who in 1889 through his agent evicted Michael Jones of Glendree, his wife and 11 children, as well as his parents Kate McNamara and Michael Jones. He would have inherited the Tulla lands from his father Sir Robert John Kane, a famous Irish chemist, who is listed as the lessor for nearly all of Glendree in the 1855 Griffiths Valuation. Both father and son have several biographies online but none of them mention their religion. However, Sir Robert Romney Kane of Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin was reported as a Catholic in the 1901 Irish census. The second son of Sir R J Kane was Sir Henry Coey Kane who was an officer in the Royal Navy. According to one biography he "was baptized in Booterstown Roman Catholic Church on the 21st December, 1843". ... e/1348074/

Sheila, you previously mentioned having read "The Great Shame" by Thomas Keneally and specifically the chapter "Fenians at Large". "Mary, in Australia" who was reported as a sister in the biography of Henry Bowles of Pittsburgh has a connection to that chapter in Irish history. An Irish born 20 year old Mary Bowles was on the Ship Red Jacket arriving in Melbourne on 10 February 1866. Her two brothers James and Patrick Bowles would arrive in Melbourne later that same year in October. Their father John Bowles had an uncle and many first cousins from Feakle who were already living in Ballarat, Victoria. Not sure what happened to Mary Bowles, she likely married and there was only a short window for her to be known as "Miss Mary Bowles". In September 1869, she contributed money in Ballarat for the "Defence Fund" to assist the Fenian prisoners newly released from penal settlements in Western Australia:

Collected by Mr. Bartholomew O'Callaghan:- Messrs John Young, James Connelly, Michael Welsh, Michael O'Connor, Jas. Russell, - Harrington, - Fox, Wm. Smith, Miss Mary Bowles, Mrs. Quinlivan, Ann Butler, 2s. 6d. each; Mr. Matthew Clark, A Friend, Miss C. Hayes, A Friend, 1s. each; Miss Catherine Russell, 2s. Total 1£ 13s 6d.

Collected by Mr. Thomas Dalton....

Source: Trove: "Advertising" Advocate (Melbourne, Vic. : 1868 - 1954) 18 September 1869: 13. Web. 15 Mar 2019

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Sun Mar 17, 2019 3:50 am

Andrew Sheedy McNamara again appears in the County Clare Petty Sessions as a complainant in March 1886:
Complainant: Andrew McNamara of Glendree

Defendant: Michael Malley of Glendree ("William" written underneath name, to indicate "son of"?)

Cause of Complaint: Using abusive and threatening language towards complainant calculated to provoke a breach of the peace at Glendree on 29 March 1886

Particulars of Order or Dismissal: No rule

Source: Petty Session Complaints (available at
Andrew Sheedy McNamara lived in Plot 47 in Glandree. His neighbor in Plot 46 was Michael Malley who would have been about 66 years old at the time of the above petty complaint. Sheila, I believe this Michael Maley is the brother of William Maley who went to California during the Gold Rush and sent money home to his widowed mother, as described in your comments from the California Maley thread:
So there’s a very good chance that Michael Maley, aged 78, living in Glendree in 1901, is William’s brother. The Tulla baptisms show just one Michael Mealy baptised in 1820 and he is a son of William and Honora. There were two girls as well, Anne b. 1828 and Bridget b. 1831. Griffith’s Valuation (1856) shows Michael (Wm.) Maily among the Mailys who shared plot 46 (83 acres and three houses) in Glendree. That shows that William Sen. had died by then, and so Honora would indeed have been a widow when the newspaper item was published in 1854.

Michael married Mary O’Hara in 1853. They had at least 3 daughters, but seem to have had no son. In 1901 Michael is living in Glendree with his daughter Mary and his son-in-law Martin McNamara (“Step-father” is a mistake). Another of Michael’s daughters is Birdie Mealy, the subject of the Evening Star newsitem of 1894 (above). So, Birdie is a niece of the William Maley in Sacramento. Birdie had been working in St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington D.C., before returning to Glendree, and, looking at Tom McDowell’s list of immigrants from Tulla, I see that a couple of O’Malleys went to Washington D.C. – a Michael and an Annie...

California Maley thread: ... f=1&t=6907
On the prior page of the petty session register were two separate complaints by Daniel McNamara and John Molony, both of Glandree, against Patrick Malley of Glendree for "assaulting complainant and attempting to strike him with a stone at Kilmore on 28 March 1886". Witnesses were Daniel McNamara, Denis Cooney, James McNamara, Con Rodgers, and Wm Allen.

I reckon this defendant was the Patrick Mealey (age 57) living in House 37 in Glandree in the 1901 Census. Andrew Sheedy McNamara was in House 35; and Michael Mealey was in House 36.

It is a pretty amazing connection that the William Maley who went to California for the Gold Rush had a brother Michael Malley who used abusive language against Andrew Sheedy McNamara who (likely) was the witness at the marriage of James Madigan to Mary (Johanna) McNamara who was searching for her brother the missing Civil War soldier Thomas McNamara of Glandree.

After learning that Andrew Sheedy McNamara kept bees, I've been reading a bit more about bee keeping in Ireland and the various Irish customs surrounding bees. That a bee keeper had to speak very softly to their bees or else they would not produce honey and might even leave the hive. So the abusive language by Michael Maley in 1886 may very well have threatened the productivity of Andrew McNamara's bees. Also that the Irish have a custom of "telling the bees" upon the death of someone in their household (very quaint but not the most useful for genealogy purposes). This was all new information to me. But surely having read the poem "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" and even having visited Innisfree on a trip to Ireland, it should have come as no great surprise that Andrew McNamara kept bees:
The Lake Isle of Innisfree

I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree,
And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made;
Nine bean-rows will I have there, a hive for the honey-bee,
And live alone in the bee-loud glade.

And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow,
Dropping from the veils of the morning to where the cricket sings;
There midnight’s all a glimmer, and noon a purple glow,
And evening full of the linnet’s wings.

I will arise and go now, for always night and day
I hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore;
While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey,
I hear it in the deep heart’s core.

William Butler Yeats, 1888
Andrew Sheedy McNamara appeared to be living a life in Glandree that William Butler Yeats in grey and crowded Dublin could only dream of. In fact, "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" is similar in parts to "The Hills of Sweet Glandree"**. "There midnight’s all a glimmer", while in Glandree, "The silent moonbeams play, the stars of night, like diamonds bright, their sober light display". Yeats could "hear lake water lapping with low sounds by the shore", while Andrew McNamara at Lough Ea, "round that lonely lake where the cool waves break, on the Hills of Sweet Glandree". But I reckon Yeats romanticized life in the Irish countryside. Andrew Sheedy McNamara didn't live alone on an island, he had neighbors. "A hive for the honey-bee"? Yes, but his neighbor John Casey would try to forcibly take his bees in 1884. "And I shall have some peace there"? No, not with Michael Maley as a neighbor with his abusive and threatening language. Nor did Yeats mention "The coercion laws, they were the cause, of Ireland's bitter grief" that saw so many Glandree men imprisoned - including Andrew just for protesting the arrest of Bridget McCormack. "And evening full of the linnet’s wings"? More like evenings full of the Moonlighter's shootings and continued outrages. Andrew Sheedy McNamara would have likely been familiar with the "The Lake Isle of Innisfree". And I reckon although already living in the Irish countryside Andrew could identify with the desire to escape to an island, to "arise and go now, and go to Innisfree".

** "The Hills of Sweet Glandree" written about 1902 or 1903 by Michael Molony, the National School Teacher in Glandree - see page 6 for complete poem. Michael Molony married Mary McNamara, the daughter of Matthew McNamara and Joanne (Susanna) O'Dea of Glandree.

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Wed Mar 20, 2019 8:08 am

Andrew Sheedy McNamara and Margaret McEvoy of Glandree had seven children. Their sixth child, Mary McNamara was baptized on 22 August 1874, with sponsors Denis McNamara and Eliza Scanlan. Perhaps Andrew and Margaret ran out of relatives to be sponsors for their children, and used close neighbors for the baptism of daughter Mary? Andrew in Griffiths Valuation Plot 47 in Glandree did have a neighbor named Denis McNamara from the adjacent townland of Magherabaun in Feakle Parish. Directly to his east in Magherabaun were Plot 15 (of the McNamara's who also held Plot 16) and a portion of Plot 13 (of the previously mentioned Casey's).

Denis McNamara (age 70) and his wife Bridget Lynch McNamara (age 60) are living in House 15, Magherabaun, Ayle in the 1901 census with their brother Timothy McNamara (age 66) and three children; John (age 20, baptized 8 June 1880), Edmond (age 19), and Denis (age 15). By the 1911 census, the only family remaining from this family in Magherabaun are John McNamara (age 30) and his wife Nora (age 35) and three children in House 16.

Edmond McNamara of Magherabaun married Annie Mealey of Glandree, daughter of Owen Mealey (dead), on 5 April 1907 at Tulla chapel (as discovered by Sheila in the CA Mealey thread). Anne Mealy was the 8th child of Owen Mealey and Mary Woods of Glandree, the parents of eleven children: Michael (1857), Honora (1858), William (1860), Catherine (1861), Thomas (1863), Michael (1865), John (1869), Anne (1870), Patrick (1874), Bridget (1875), and Mary (1878).

Edmond and Annie McNamara had been married for all of two days when the SS Campania left Queenstown on 7 April 1907 and arrived in New York on 14 April 1907. On the passenger listing, it doesn't look like Annie had quite accepted the fact that she was now married. Her maiden name of "O'Malley" was crossed out as her surname and "ditto" for McNamara was written as her husband was listed above. Initially Edmond and Annie were both listed as "S", this was also crossed out for "M" as in "married". Annie's occupation as "servant" was crossed out for "wife". Their destination was to Annie's brother Michael O'Malley of 1122 5th NE, Washington DC. Annie also had two sisters living in Washington DC. In the 1900 census Michael O Mealey (age 29) is living with his wife Kate [Crehan, also from Clare] Mealey (age 27), a daughter, and two sisters Maria A. Mealey (age 26) and Delia Mealey (age 23). Of the eleven children of Owen Mealey and Mary Woods of Glandree, four would spend their entire adult lives in Washington DC.

Michael O Mealey was able to get his brother-in-law Edmond McNamara a job as a fireman for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad where he also worked. On 22 January 1908, less than one year into his job, Edmond had a tragic accident as he leaned from his train just as another locomotive passed by and his arm was severely injured. "McNamara was in critical condition when he reached the hospital, but it was necessary to perform an operation without delay. McNamara stood the ordeal finely, the surgeons reported, and later in the morning they said he was doing as well as could be expected." (Evening Star, Washington DC, 22 January 1908). Edmond McNamara would lose his right arm as reported on his WWI registration.

Edmond and Annie McNamara's only child Owen Joseph McNamara would be born two months later on 26 March 1908. Edmond was able to continue to work and is reported as an "elevator inspector" on subsequent census reports. What is absolutely incredible about this story is that Edmond McNamara, a new immigrant from Ireland, was able to navigate through the American legal system and jointly sue the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company and the Washington Terminal Company for $25,000 in damages. Twice he went to the court of appeals, but it was a U.S. Supreme Court decision in a similar case which led both parties to a cash settlement agreed upon by a judge:
U.S. Supreme Court Rules Washington Terminal Company is Common Carrier

Following the decision of the United States Supreme Court rendered yesterday in the Schubert case, holding that common carriers cannot set up "relief benefit contracts" as a bar to recovery for damages in cases of negligence, the Washington Terminal Company today submitted to a verdict for $7,500 in favor of Edward McNamara, a brakeman in the employ of the company, who lost his arm January 22, 1908, in a collision between two engines in the yards of the Union station.

The McNamara case was tried on demurrer in 1909 and the lower court held the section of the employers' liability act of 1906 relied on unconstitutional. On appeal this decision was reversed and a trial held in 1911.

The trial court directed a verdict in favor of the company on the ground that the Washington Terminal Company was not a common carrier. The case again went to the Courts of Appeals, where the ruling was made that the company is a common carrier in the eyes of the law, and subject to the provisions of the employers' liability act.

Attorneys Leckie, Cox & Kratz, for McNamara, agreed with Hamilton, Yerkes & Hamilton, for the company, on a compromise of $7,500 and costs of the litigation. A judgment for the amount was ordered today by Justice Stafford.

Evening Star, Washington DC, 14 May 1912
There were so many railroad accidents during this era, that it would be nice to think that Edward McNamara's persistent struggles through the American legal system would benefit other workers and improve work place safety. Sadly, this was not the case. Less than one year after Edward McNamara received his $7,500 settlement, railroad fireman Michael O. Mealey was killed on the tracks of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad on 2 March 1913. Michael was Edward McNamara's brother-in-law, the "deceased resided at 1122 5th street northeast and is survived by his widow and four children".
Widow Sues Railroad.

Catherine Mealey, as administratirix of her husband, Michael O. Mealey, has filed suit to recover $25,000 damages from the Washington Terminal Company and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, for the death of her husband, a fireman in the employ of the terminal company. The suit is under the employers' liability act. Mealey died on March 2, 1913. Attorneys Leckie, Cox and Kratz appear for the administratrix.

Evening Star, Washington DC, 26 April 1914

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Jimbo » Sat Mar 23, 2019 7:46 am


Yesterday in the Commission Court, Green-street, after the Maamstrasna murder cases had been disposed of, a young man named Michael Maley, was placed at the bar, indicted for having, on the 15th of August last [1882], in Tulla, County Clare, appeared in arms with other evil-disposed persons, to the terror of her Majesty's subjects, and also with having on the same evening assaulted the dwelling house of James M'Inerney and fired shots.

The following jury were sworn...[listing of 12 men and their Dublin address]...

Mr. Murphy, in stating the case for the prosecution, said the case arose out of a boycotting transaction. It appeared that James McInerney, a farmer, living near Drumcharley, Tulla, County Clare, bought some months ago a quantity of hay from a person who had been boycotted, and of course by doing so incurred the displeasure of some of the persons living in the locality. On the 15th of August, M'Inerney was absent at a fair, and in the afternoon, about five or six o'clock, two men went to his house and found only his wife and children there...[same information provided as below testimony]...

James M'Inerney was then examined by Mr. Murhpy, Q.C. He deposed - On the 17th of August last I was examined before the magistrate, and swore what I believed to be true. I know Coughlan's forge [a blacksmith] at Tulla, where I was in the habit of going. I saw the prisoner there a few times, and heard his name was Maley.

The mason's son? - I wouldn't go so far as that.
Judge Barry - Tell me, my man, did you ever swear it was Maley, the mason's son? I believe I did.
Mr. Murphy - Come now, answer my questions. You bought some hay at an auction? I did.
Was it after that you were boycotted? Well.
Did you see the two men in the door of your house? I saw two with their backs together. They had two revolvers, one in each hand.
Did one of the men turn round and ask were you the man that bought the hay? Yes.
Is that the man (pointing to the prisoner)? As far as I could consider at that time; but I could be mistaken.
Did you swear there was a man that turned around? I did.
Did you swear before the magistrate, "I saw Mick Maley, whom I now identify, standing in the door of my house?" I never knew him as Mick.
Well, did you say you saw Maley? To the best of my belief I did.
He had a pistol or revolver in his hand? Each of them had.
Did you swear "Maley, turned around and fired a shot into my house. He turned round and asked me was I the man that had the hay bought?" I could not tell was it he that had fired the shot.
Who asked you, "Was I the man that had the hay bought?" One of the men, of course.
Was it Maley? I don't know whether it was Maley, but as far as I could know at the time. I recollect being in the police barrack when there were seven men there.
Did you go up to one of them? Not at once.
You took your time to consider it? I did.
After you did consider it did you go up to him? I did. I said my belief was this was the man. I did notice the cast in his eye. I noticed it since I went into my cousin John's house. A shot was fired. I saw the hole in the door. My wife was a little back from the door at the time. She was quite straight behind the door. She was not in the way. I saw a little dust just after the shot, which went slantwise. I met Maley at Mass before, and knew him by his back.

Cross-examined by Mr. Wright - I never had business dealing with Maley, and did not know his name was Mick. The day this occurred I had been at the fair, and I was very well on. I never found out the second man. He has disappeared.

Re-examined by Mr. Murphy, Q C - I told the men in the barrack it was Maley who fired the shot. I may have said he was the mason's son.

Mrs. M'Inerney, wife of the previous witness, examined by Mr. O'Brien, Q C - Two men came into my house. They had revolvers. One of them stood near the dresser; the other next the door. The man at the dresser said "Come down, Mick, and kindle your pipe." He did not come down. They stopped a start within. They asked was "himself," meaning my husband, within. I said he was not. I asked was it any harm to ask what they wanted. One of them said it was no harm to ask, but it was harm to tell.

Which of them said that? I could not say. It was the man that was standing at the door.
Was the prisoner the man that was standing at the door? He was not; but I know the man that was standing there had two good eyes.
Did you ever say, to the best of your belief, this was the man? I did. The police brought me to the barrack and told me to put my hand on him.
Did they say - "Go over and put your hand on the man?" They asked me was he the man that went there, and I said to the best of my belief he was; and they told me to put my hand on him.
Had he a cast in his eye that day? He had.
A Juror - Did you ever see Maley before? Never.

Mr. Peter O'Brien, Q C - Did either of the men ask you about reporting it to the police? They said not to report it. They said they would shoot me if I did. That is what I understood. I did not know whether they used the word.

Did they say only for the children were there they would do anything? They said only for the children were there they would blow my brains out. They asked had my husband hay bought. I said he had, and that he would not give it up. They said they would come again on Saturday night if he would not give it up. A shot was fired, and they went out. I then went next door. They came there afterwards and asked was James M'Inerney inside. There was no answer. They asked again, and went to the door. I asked were not they the men were there before, and had I not satisfied them. They fired a shot then. I felt a little dust higher than me in the door.

When the man asked was not James M'Inerney there, did your husband say anything inside? He said it was Maley that was outside.

Did you afterwards say to Mr. Burke, the resident magistrate, you believed the man was Maley, because he had a squint in his eye? I never said it, or in his presence. I told him my husband was drunk, and he said not to own to that at all.

Cross-examined by Mr. Wright - I mean the prisoner was not the man, for the man had two good looking eyes.

The Head constable at Tulla and two sub-constables deposed that when M'Inerney reported the occurrence at the barrack he stated Maley was the man who attacked the house. He knew him by the cast in his eye.

Mr. R. Burke, R.M., deposed that at the time the district was very disturbed. When giving her information Mrs. M'Inerney stated she believed she would be able to identify one of the men, whom she knew by the cast of his eye.

A sub-constable gave evidence as to arresting the prisoner, and on cross-examination said when he was bringing Mrs. M'Inerney to the barracks to give evidence of the occurrence, she asked "Is Maley arrested yet?"

Mr. Wright then addressed the jury for the prisoner. He contended that the evidence of the identification was extremely doubtful, and when analysed resolved itself into the evidence of a drunken prosecutor, who only caught a glimpse of the prisoner for a second of time, and of the prosecutor's wife, who never from the first to last positively identified the prisoner. This was supplemented by the evidence of a number of policemen brought up by the Crown on this, the second trial, to supply gaps in the evidence previously given. The only other testimony for the prosecution was that of Mr. Burke, a young and enthusiastic magistrate, anxious to succeed in his first case, and who had a reputation to make. This was scarcely the evidence on which to ask a jury to convict the prisoner, and when they heard the testimony for the defence they would find that any suspicion which remained in their minds would be dispelled. If there was one thing certain in this case, it was this - that the time at which alleged outrage occurred was between 5 and 6 o'clock in the evening. The fact was established by the evidence of the head constable and Mrs. M'Inerny. The only other witness who could depose to the time was James M'Inerny, who was so drunk at the time that he was not able to know the hour. It would be established for them on the most clear and conclusive evidence for the prisoner that from 5 o'clock till after 6 he was in a house in Tullow, more than two and a half miles from the scene of the outrage. A telegraph clerk named Birmingham and Mr. Shanks, hotel proprietor, deposed that the prisoner was in Tullow from five o'clock till a quarter past six.

Mr. Bushe then summed up for the prisoner
Mr. Peter O'Brien, Q C, replied for the Crown.
Mr. Justice Barry having charged the jury, they, after a short deliberation, returned with a verdict of "guilty," and

Judge Barry sentenced the prisoner to be kept in penal servitude for seven years.
The Court then adjourned.

The Freeman's Journal, Dublin, 22 November 1882
This was not the same Michael Maley of Glandree who was accused of using abusive and threatening language by Andrew Sheedy McNamara in March 1886. Nor the Michael O. Mealey of Glandree who moved to Washington DC and was killed in a railroad accident in 1914. This 1882 case of Michael Maley was first brought up by Paddy Casey in a more brief newspaper article back in a 2008 posting:

Sharon posted last year on the fundraising efforts in New York for the same Mr. Malley who "has a young family who have been subjected to very great privation through the taking of their bread-winner" which raised over $90 here: ... f=1&t=6907

I posted the full account of the trial on this thread as it shows how quickly the more peaceful efforts by the Lady Land Leaguers in early 1882 would turn into violence. And also to highlight an important lesson: not to trust everything stated in the newspapers. The American newspaper posted by Sharon stated the Michael Maley was married with children. This made it very difficult for Sheila to determine which Michael Maley of Tulla would fit this description. But in fact, Michael Maley was single and most likely never saw a penny of the funds raised in America.

Michael Maley was sent from Limerick Gaol to Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin on 23 October 1882. His description was: 22 years of age; single; hazel eyes, dark brown hair, fresh complexion, with a "cast of left eye". His trade was mason. Unfortunately the right side of the register with comments has been cut off, but the release date states "12 April 1888".

This 22 year old Michael Maley is the son of Thomas Mealy and Susan McMahon of Fortane baptized on 2 September 1861 in the Tulla baptism records. In the 1900 USA Census, Michael Malley (age 38) is living with his wife Elizabeth (Iowa born, age 37) and two adopted children in Buffalo, New York. His occupation is "Foreman Brick Stone Mason". Michael O'Malley, "the mason's son", was still working as a mason in Buffalo in the 1920 census where he states his year of immigration as 1890. By 1922 he and his wife had moved to West Palm Beach, Florida where he worked as a general contractor. As Sheila had previously discovered, Michael died in 1926 in Florida, parents reported as Thomas O'Malley and Susan McMahon.

The Maamstrasna murder case which is mentioned at the start of the Freeman's Journal article is perhaps well known in Ireland, but not in America. I found the below links informative (1) a 2018 book review of "The Maamtrasna Murders: Language, Life and Death in Nineteenth-Century Ireland" by Margaret Kelleher and (2) a 2017 movie trailer of the Irish TG4 documentary "Murdair Mhám Trasna" ... -1.3719907

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Re: Information is wanted of Thomas McNamara, of Glandree,

Post by Sduddy » Sat Mar 23, 2019 11:26 am

Hi Jim

Excellent research. I’m pleased that Michael O’Malley has been found. I understand your reason for added this piece to this thread, but I would be in favour of adding it to the thread entitled “News items on Mealy/O’Malley of Tulla Parish”: ... f=1&t=6907

I just now looked back at that thread, and see that it went a bit loopy at times. I got lost in associations with the name Hynes, and brought in Anthony Raftery’s poem about Mary Hynes. And you brought in the Looney family who had emigrated to San Francisco*. Now, with this new addition to the story of Michael O’Malley, you could bring that thread back on track.


*Since then, I found a tenuous link between the poet Anthony Raftery and the same O’Looney family. When Douglas Hyde set about collecting the songs/poems of Anthony Raftery, he found that Fr. Clement O’Looney in Loughrea had five of Raftery’s poems, which Fr. Clement had previously collected from people in the area. (I got this from Amhràin agus Dánta Raifearaí, a new edition by Nollaig Ó Muraíle of a book by Douglas Hyde, first published in 1903, I think).
Fr. Clement was Martin O’Looney, born in 1866, in Moanreel, Rath, to Daniel O Looney and Hannah Kelleher. He is a second cousin of James O’Connor in this way: Patrick O’Looney and Nora Roughan came to live at Clooncoul. Among their children were Daniel who went to live in Shanbally and William who lived in Moanreel. One of Daniel’s children was Bridget who married Michael O’Connor of Doolin. One of William’s children was Daniel who married Hannah Kelleher. That Bridget and that Daniel were first cousins. So Bridget’s son James O’Connor, and Daniel’s son Martin (Fr. Clement) were second cousins.
Fr. Clement was a member of the Carmelite Order in the Abbey, Loughrea, Co. Galway.

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