Sheila, the 1955 witness statement of Michael O'Dea, born in Drumcharley, and a member of the East Clare Brigade during 1917 - 1921, was very interesting — thanks for providing the link. Especially his comment that while working as a grocer's assistant in Dublin, he had joined a "Grocers' Company" of the Irish Volunteers in 1913. I suspect Michael O'Dea would have known Michael "Goggins" Moloney of Ballyoughtra, also a grocer in Dublin about the same time period.
And thank you for providing a link in your posting on November 20th to the Falvey family website with its biography and nice photo of Patrick Loughery (≈1856 - 1900).
https://falvey.id.au/getperson.php?pers ... ree=falvey
The Clare Freeman and Ennis Gazette
article of 14 April 1883 with the headline "The Conspiracy in Clare" was very long. Fortunately, the above biography for Patrick Loughery includes a good summary of the Crusheen Conspiracy magisterial investigation. From the testimony of John Tubridy, a Crusheen shoemaker, who was the star witness for the prosecution, I've transcribed only one small section:
Examination [of John Tubridy] continued—He [not clear which of the defendants] told me they went to my house [to make plans] to fire at Ned Kennedy, and that I was to be one of the party; I asked them why would they pitch on me for; he said maybe I would not have to [do] it at all, that Patt Loughery and John Harte were to go to Jerry O'Keeffe in the parish of Tulla to see if he could send men to do it the way they would not be known. Loughery would send men to O'Keeffe if he wanted them in return; . . .
Tubridy's testimony about swapping men between Crusheen and Tulla for moonlighting attacks was interesting, but not too surprising as they would want to avoid identification. I reckon this might explain the moonlighting attack of 25 February 1882, only two weeks prior to the shooting of Ned Kennedy on 12 March 1882. First, James McNamara and Michael Moroney of Cloonagro townland were attacked, followed by James McNamara and Michael Moroney of Leighort More townland. Were the moonlighters from Crusheen and did they make a mistake in shooting Michael Moroney of Leighort More? When Moroney died days later, his funeral was well attended according to the testimony of the priest. The widow, Catherine Doyle Moroney, was awarded £500 in compensation and remained in Leighort More marrying the eldest son of Michael Moroney of Cloonagro townland.
Sheila, your last posting also confused the two Michael Moroney's. Michael Moroney of Cloonagro was stabbed on 25th of February of 1882 and would later testify in December 1888 in London at the Parnell Commission, "Begorra, one of them gave me a stab with a bayonet" (see testimony on page 21). Michael Moroney of Leighort More was shot in the leg that same evening and died later of his wounds.
With regards to Abbeyview, I wonder if this location is similar to Ayle House, whereby residents of neighboring townlands say they are from Ayle in various records as it was the more well known name. Evidence for this theory was discovered when researching "Patrick and Thomas McNamara of Knockreddan" who were two of the "Crusheen Conspiracy" defendants at the April 1883 magisterial investigation. Along with the others they were released in late 1883 / early 1884 for lack of evidence. Upon researching this McNamara family further, I am certain that Patrick and Thomas were brothers, the sons of Patrick McNamara, Sr., of Knockreddan. Their elder brother, Daniel McNamara, had a son Thomas McNamara born in 1875 (see 4.1 in family tree below) and the civil birth record listed both Abbeyview (under the date of birth) and Knockreddan (as residence of father).
In the 1855 Griffith Valuation report for Knockreddan townland, parish of Inchicronan (Crusheen), Patrick McNamara and Thomas Tierney share Plot 5, consisting of 54 acres, lessor James Butler, both with "house, office, & land", each valued at £10.
https://griffiths.askaboutireland.ie/gv ... h=&height=
"P. McNamara", family of four, of Crusheen, lessor Misses Butler of Castlecrine, were evicted in 1889 (likely in 1891, see below comment) according to the listing of "East Clare tenants evicted between 1878 and 1903", # 65, which was sourced from a Clare Champion article of August 1903. Unlike with Patrick Loughery, I could find no newspaper article documenting the eviction.
https://www.clarelibrary.ie/eolas/cocl ... sgiven.htm
We've previously come across the Misses Butler of Castlecrine who in 1891 evicted the family of Matthew McNamara (≈1824 - 1894) and Anne Halpin (≈1845 - likely 1913) of Uggoon, a family of eight. Anne Halpin McNamara, the "Widow McNamara", #36 on the listing of East Clare evicted tenants, was a widow in 1903, but not when the family was evicted in 1891. I discussed this eviction briefly on page 10 of this thread, back in October 2018.
The timing of the eviction of Patrick McNamara of Knockreddan was more likely in 1891; this is the year of eviction reported in their later reinstatement in 1909 and the same timing as the McNamara's of Uggoon. Plus, a Patrick McNamara, a farmer of Knockreddan, appears as a defendant of numerous petty session complaints through 1891. It is difficult to determine if the evicted "P. McNamara" was Patrick McNamara, Sr. (reported at Knockreddan townland in 1855 Griffith Valuation) or his son named Patrick McNamara (of Knockreddan, arrested part of the Crusheen Conspiracy in 1883).
When Anne McNamara, the daughter of Patrick McNamara, Sr., of Knockreddan, was married in February 1886, her father was reported as still living. But I was unable to find the death record for Patrick McNamara to determine if he was still living in 1891, the year of eviction.
The 1891 eviction of the McNamara's from their Knockreddan lands would have terrible consequences for the McNamara children. They were no long of the farmer class, but laborers who had to work the farms of others. This could be very dangerous, depending upon who you worked for.
Brutal Assault on an Evicted Tenant
At the last Ennis Petty Sessions before Mr Newton Brady, R.M., presiding, Daniel Kearney and John Kearney, brothers, and sons of Bryan Kearney, farmer, O'Brien's Castle, near Spancilhill, were returned for trial at Clare Winter Assizes for a brutal assault on Pat M'Namara in Ennis, on the 22nd June . It is supposed that he was struck with a weight on the side of the head which felled him to the ground, and from the effects of which he got concussion of the brain and was removed from the County Infirmary in an unconscious state. He is not yet completely recovered, though able to attend the court to give evidence. He could not tell which of the Kearneys struck him, but Daniel Kearney was identified by three witnesses, Henry and Andrew McMahon, and John Flaherty, all living in the Borheen. They saw Daniel strike the blow that knocked down M'Namara, and the injured man himself stated that he had been previously assaulted by John Kearney. M'Namara is one of the evicted tenants on the Butler property of Knockreddan near Crusheen, and the ostensible reason for the attack on him was—that he worked for James Grady, of Ballyvanna, who bought the interest in a farm which others bid for and tried to get. The prisoners were admitted to bail in £100, with two sureties in £50 each. Bryan Kearney and Mathew Clune were Daniel's sureties; Stephen Claney and Pat Roughan, Church-street, Ennis, were sureties for John. In connection with the assault there was also a charge against their cousin, Michael Kearney, of Carahan. It was dismissed.
Flag of Ireland, Dublin, Saturday, 21 July 1894
Patrick McNamara in 1894 was working for James Grady of Ballyvana townland, Crusheen, who along with his large family was living in Ballyvana, House #1, in the 1901 census.
http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/p ... a/1068407/
I am fairly certain that the assaulted Patrick McNamara, was the son of Patrick McNamara of Knockreddan Griffith Valuation, but could not find him living in County Clare in the 1901 census. Having been brutally assaulted, did he immigrate to New York, the same as the Loughery family after their eviction?
Similar to Ellen Moloney Loughery, Patrick McNamara appears among the 23 reinstated tenants listed on the report ending 31 March 1909. From the estate of Misses Butler [of Castlecrine], "McNamara, Patrick", of Knockreddan, was reported with a year of eviction of 1891, annual rent £9, over 27 acres, poor law valuation £10.
Eighteen years after having been evicted, Patrick McNamara, Jr., was able to reclaim in 1909 the McNamara lands at Knockreddan. However, his return does not appear to have been welcome by some of his neighbors as evidenced by the petty session reports of Crusheen.
The six petty session cases #19 through #24 at the Crusheen petty session of 21 August 1909 detail the hostilities of the 4th day of August 1909 between Patrick McNamara and his Tierney neighbors of Knockreddan. Patrick McNamara of Knockreddan appears as the complainant in four cases, and the defendant in two others. The charges by both parties were mostly of assault and use of threatening language, and both parties were found guilty and fined 5 or 10 shillings. In the Griffith Valuation of 1855, Patrick McNamara (Sr.) and Thomas Tierney shared Plot 5 in Knockreddan. From the petty session charges, including one trespass charge by McNamara, I suspect that when the McNamara's were evicted in 1891, their lands were taken by the Tierney family, who were not so happy for Patrick McNamara to return in 1909.
In the 1911 census, Patrick McNamara, age 54, farmer, single, was living in House 1 in Knockreddan, along with John Loughery (age 40, a widower) and his three young children, including Patrick (age 10), all reported as "lodgers".
http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/ ... an/370326/
In 1901, John Loughery (age 33) had been living with his wife Bridget (age 30), and their four very young children, including Patrick (age 0). They are living in the household of Bridget's parents, Michael and Kate Hurley. This is confusing since Patrick Loughery was born on 20 February 1901 to John Loughery and Bridget Commane of Knockreddan. Yet, Mrs. Bridget Loughery's parents were Michael and Kate Hurley in 1901?
http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/p ... n/1087207/
Although reported as a "lodger" of Patrick McNamara in 1911, John Loughery might possibly be related through marriage, but I'm not sure how. Julia McNamara, the sister of Patrick McNamara, married John Moloney of Killanena, the brother of Ellen Moloney who married Patrick Loughery in 1885, as well as James Moloney who married Bridget Linnane of Glandree in 1871.
Crusheen baptism records do not start until 1860. But fortunately, Mrs. Julia McNamara Moloney of Killanena submitted a search request of the 1841 and 1851 Irish Census for her family in 1917. She listed her parents as Patrick and Anne McNamara of Knockreddan, and listed their children in birth order as: Jeremiah, Daniel, Bridget, Julia, Anne Mary, Pat, and Thomas (first image).
http://censussearchforms.nationalarchiv ... sp?id=1277
The search request was successful: reporting in 1851: Patrick McNamara, head, age 32, married 1839; Darby, age 12, Danl, age 9; Bridget, age 7; Judy, age 3; Mary, age 1 (second image).
Table II, under 1851, also reported: Patt McNamara, age 46, head of family; Mary, died 1848, age "6 / 12", as in 6 months (transcribed by National Archives as "7" in error); Bridget, died 1843, age 2; Mary Mack, mother, age 80; Margt Heffernan, cousin, age 14
The 1841 census search results: Patt and Anne McNamara, no ages, married 1836; Darby, age 2, son; Margt McNamara, mother, age 60; Dennis McNamara, servant, age 27; Bridget McNamara, age 3, with comment "died 1840".
I am not so familiar with the 1851 search forms, and in particular the "table" information which reported two deaths. The National Archives in their "help" guidance for the 1851 census might be referring to this table: "An interesting Table of Cosmical Phenomena, Epizootics, Famines and Pestilences in Ireland, from the earliest records published, was also compiled by the Assistant Commissioner, aided by the eminent Irish scholars, Dr. O'Donovan and Mr. Eugene O'Curry, MRIA."
Patrick McNamara, Jr., and Thomas McNamara were born after the 1851 census. Parents "Patt and Anne McNamara" of the 1841 census, are only "Patt McNamara" in 1851, with no mention of Anne McNamara. This might be a simple oversight, as there is no mention of her death in the "table", and they go on to have two other children after 1851.
McNamara of Knockreddan, Inchicronan Civil Parish, Crusheen Catholic Parish:
Patrick McNamara and Anne were married in 1836 according to the 1841 census. The 1851 census stated their marriage as 1839, but given the death of their daughter Bridget, reported in the 1841 census as having died at the age of 3 in 1840, an 1836 marriage appears to be more accurate.
Maiden name of Anne McNamara is unknown. Her death also unknown. Some doubt whether Anne was still living in 1851 census as discussed above.
Patrick McNamara was living at the time of the marriage of his daughter Anne McNamara in March 1886. Could not find the civil death record for Patrick McNamara (after only a quick look).
Patrick and Anne McNamara were the parents of ten children born between about 1838 and the early 1850's.
1.0 Bridget McNamara (≈1838 - 1840, per 1841 census)
2.0 Jeremiah "Darby" McNamara (≈1839 - after 1864)
, age 2 in the 1841 census, and age 12 in the 1851 census.
Darby McNamara was the baptism sponsor for Thomas Tierney, the son of Thomas Tierney and Margaret Cahill of Knockreddan, on 11 December 1862 (Crusheen baptisms, 1860-1880).
Darby McNamara, of Knockreddan, was also a defendant in the Crusheen petty sessions on two minor assault charges on 1 May 1862 and 14 April 1864. His later whereabouts are a mystery. Darby or Jeremiah does not appear in later Irish civil marriage or death records or the Irish census. His younger brother, Patrick, would take over the McNamara lands in Knockreddan. He likely emigrated.
3.0 Bridget McNamara (≈1841 - 1843)
, died in 1843 at age of 2 years per 1851 census table.
4.0 Daniel McNamara (≈1842 - after 1875)
, age 9 in the 1851 census.
Daniel McNamara was the baptism sponsor for Hanna Loughery, the daughter of Cornelius Loughery and Sarah Keogh of Boscobell, on 25 September 1866 (Crusheen baptisms, 1860-1880).
Daniel McNamara, farmer, of Crusheen, son of farmer Pat McNamara (alive), married Eliza Houlihan
, of Crusheen, daughter of Thomas Houlihan (dead), on 15 July 1874 at the Catholic chapel in Ennis, by the parish priest Peter Meade; witnesses James Morrissey and Mary McGrath:
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 124824.pdf
............ 4.1 Thomas McNamara
, was born on 7 April 1875 , Abbeyview,
father Daniel McNamara of Knockreddan
, mother Elizabeth Houlihan (Tulla civil registration). Thomas Mack was baptized on 7 April 1875, residence Abbeyview
, at Crusheen Parish; sponsors Patt Mack and Kate Houlihan.
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 136124.pdf
Later whereabouts of Daniel McNamara and his family are a mystery. Similar to Darby McNamara, he likely emigrated from Ireland. But where?
5.0 Bridget McNamara (≈1844 - after 1860)
, age 7 in 1851 census.
Bridget McNamara and her brother, Daniel McNamara, are the likely baptism sponsors in 1860 for a child born to Peter Tierney and Honora Cornheady, no location, but in other baptisms reported from "Dereenaclouna" (Crusheen baptisms, 1860-1880).
Later whereabouts of Bridget McNamara are unknown. She may have died between 1860 and 1864, but more likely she married and / or emigrated.
Note: the Crusheen Baptism register (1860-1900) includes the family of James Corbett and Bridget McNamara of Sunnagh townland, with a son (James) born in 1862. However, the 1901 / 1911 census reports reflect an elder son, Edward, born about 1857, prior to the start of the baptism register. Thus, Bridget McNamara of Knockreddan would have been too young, I hope, to have gotten married to James Corbett of Sunnagh.
6.0 Mary McNamara (≈1847 - 1848)
, died in 1848 at the age of 6 months per 1851 census table (you must really zoom into the document to see that it states "6 / 12"; transcribed as "7" in error).
7.0 Julia "Judy" McNamara (≈1848 - 1931)
, age 3 in 1851 census.
Julia McNamara, "age 26", of Knockreddan, daughter of farmer Pat McNamara, married John Moloney,
age 28, farmer, of Kilenena, son of farmer John Moloney
, on 19 February 1881 at the Crusheen chapel, by the curate Michael Foley; witnesses John Brody and Margaret Hanrahan (Ennis registration):
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 019849.pdf
Julia Moloney, of Killenena, age 73 years, married, wife of a farmer, died on 27 November 1931; informant her nephew, Pat McAllen
, of Knockanenna <Corbehagh, Killanenna, House 4; Knockanena, Killanenna, House 1>
. Pat McAllen was the son of Patrick McAllen and Anne Moloney of Corbeha
, born on 16 February 1889.
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 323743.pdf
John Moloney and Julia McNamara (age 48 in 1901, age 60 in 1911) were the parents of five children, two living at the time of the 1911 census: <Killanenna, Killanenna, House 10, House 8>
In 1917, Mrs. Julia Moloney of Killanena submitted the search form for the 1851 and 1841 Irish census.
............. 7.1 Margaret Moloney (≈1883 - 1899)
, unknown civil birth record; died on 21 January 1899, at age 14 years, residence Killanena; informant father Patt Moloney (Tulla civil registration).
............. 7.2 John Moloney (1884 - prior to 1911)
, baptized 29 June 1884 per Crusheen baptism register summary (1860 - 1900, on ancestry website) - their only child to be included, as later baptisms would likely be at Caher Feakle parish. Unknown civil birth record. Died prior to 1911, likely prior to 1901.
............ 7.3 Pat Moloney (1885 - after 1911)
, was born on 8 September 1885, residence Killanena, Tulla registration. <Killanenna, Killanenna, House 10, House 8>
Living with parents in both 1901 (age 15) and 1911 (age 25) census.
............ 7.4 Michael Moloney (1887 - after 1911)
, was born on 21 April 1887, residence Killanena, Tulla registration. Not living with family in 1911, very likely the farm laborer, age 24, living next door in the household of James Brody of Killanenna. <Killanenna, Killanenna, House 10, House 7>
............ 7.5 Mary Moloney (1889 - 1901)
, of Killanena, was born on 1 January 1889, mother reported as "Johanna McNamara" (Tulla civil registration). Mary Moloney died on 8 June 1901, age 12 years (Tulla registration). <Killanenna, Killanenna, House 10, x>
8.0 Anne "Mary" McNamara (≈1850 - 1909)
, age 1 in 1851 census.
Anne McNamara, of Knockreddan, daughter of farmer Patt McNamara (living)
, married Patt Baker,
farmer, of "Carhukiel" (Carhookyle or Carrowkeal in Crusheen), son of farmer Michael Baker (deceased) on 9 March 1886 at the Catholic chapel at Crusheen by the parish priest Timothy Hogan; witnesses Michael Baker and Anne Hanrahan (Ennis registration):
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 950131.pdf
Anne Baker, "age 53", married, wife of a farmer, of Carrowkeal, died on 9 July 1909 at the Ennis workhouse (hospital). <Carhoolkyle Beg, Crusheen, House 3; x>
They don't appear to have had any children.
http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/p ... g/1068436/
9.0 Patrick McNamara (≈early 1850's - after 1911)
, was born after the 1851 census, and prior to 1860 start of Crusheen baptism records.
Patrick McNamara and his sister, Julia McNamara, are the likely baptism sponsors on 3 December 1875 for Simon, the son of Pat O'Neil and Margaret O'Connors, of Knockreddan (Crusheen baptisms, 1860-1880).
Patrick and his younger brother, Thomas McNamara, were defendants at the Crusheen Conspiracy investigation in 1883, and were released in late 1883/early 1884 due to a lack of evidence. The McNamara family of Knockreddan were evicted in 1891 by the Misses Butler of Castlecrine. Patrick McNamara, now a laborer, was assaulted in Ennis in 1894 for working for the boycotted farmer James Grady of Ballyvana townland, Crusheen. Patrick McNamara was reinstated in the McNamara lands at Knockreddan in 1909. <unknown in 1901; Knockreddan, Toberbreeda, House 1>
Patrick McNamara was single and age 54 in the 1911 census, reflecting a birth year of approximately 1856, but ages are rarely accurate in the census, so likely born closer to 1852.
10.0 Thomas McNamara (≈early 1850's - after 1887)
, was born after the 1851 census, and prior to 1860 start of Crusheen baptism records.
Thomas and his elder brother, Patrick McNamara, were defendants at the Crusheen Conspiracy investigation in 1883, and were released in late 1883/early 1884 due to a lack of evidence. Thomas McNamara of Knockreddan appears in the Petty Session court registers of Crusheen and Six Mile Bridge as a defendant in three complaints between 1882 and 1887. On 29 June 1882, for assaulting others on the streets of Crusheen (withdrawn). On 29 June 1885, he and Thomas Gorman for attempting to rescue a prisoner from R.I.C. custody at Crusheen (dismissed). On 30 August 1887 for being drunk on the public road at Bunratty (paid fine).
Later whereabouts of Thomas McNamara of Knockreddan after 1887 are unknown. He likely emigrated, which I reckon was the case for his elder brothers, Jeremiah and Daniel. Did they go to the same country? It would be far easier to attempt to trace forward his brother Jeremiah "Darby" as this name is far less common than "Thomas".
Julia McNamara Moloney in submitting an 1841/1851 census search request in 1917 provided excellent genealogy information for Crusheen parish which lacks baptism records until 1860. Interestingly, there are no family trees on the ancestry website that "claim" the McNamara's of Knockreddan as their ancestors. In 1911, Julia McNamara Moloney reported that she had five children with only two who were surviving. When she died in 1931, it was her nephew, Patrick McAllen, that was the informant. A nephew through Julia McNamara's marriage to John Moloney, this death record provided key evidence of another Moloney sibling.
And when John Moloney, Sr., of Killanena, a widower, died at the age of 94 years on 20 July 1897, the informant was "Julia Moloney, daughter of deceased, present at death Killanena", but who was surely his daughter-in-law.
John Moloney civil death record (#221, not #215):
https://civilrecords.irishgenealogy.ie/ ... 658764.pdf
John Moloney (≈1803 - 1897) and unknown spouse, of Killanena, and their known children (likely others) in order of marriage:
1. Anne Moloney and Patrick McAllen on 13 February 1866; lived in Corbeha, Killanena.
2. James Moloney and Bridget Linnane on 20 February 1871; lived in Glandree.
3. John Moloney and Julia McNamara on 19 February 1881; lived in Killanena, Killenena.
4. Ellen Moloney and Patrick Loughery on 11 February 1885; lived in Knockreddan, Toberbreeda and USA.
On 16 August 1887, when two shots were fired into the home of Patrick Loughery in a moonlighting attack, and his visiting brother-in-law, a Moloney, was nearly hit, this Moloney is more likely to have been John Moloney of Killanena, and not James Moloney of Glandree, based upon this new research.